Kevin R. Johnson's research on "The Constitutionality of Mandatory and Lengthy Immigrant Detention without a Bond Hearing" features in ScotusBlog.
Detention as a tool of immigration enforcement has increased dramatically following immigration reforms enacted in 1996. Two Supreme Court cases at the dawn of the new millennium offered contrasting approaches to the review of decisions of the U.S. government to detain immigrants. In a January 2017 executive order, which included numerous immigration-enforcement initiatives, President Donald Trump announced an end to the “catch and release” of immigrants facing removal from the United States. Detention without bond became official immigration-enforcement policy.